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Celebrate the New Year in Oshogatsu Style

Courtesy of PBS Food

The harvest is over, winter has set in, and we’re reaching the end of the calendar year. Whether you celebrate Christmas, Hanukkah, or Kwanzaa, it’s a time when decorations go up, children receive gifts, and families gather together to share a meal.

Japan’s equivalent is called Oshogatsu, and it’s celebrated on the first day of the New Year. While Western influences have turned Christmas into a pseudo-holiday in Japan, Oshogatsu is still the holiday when families head over the river and through the woods to grandma’s house.

Growing up in the US, I wasn’t able to return home for Oshogatsu every year, but my mom still kept the spirit going with decorations, gifts, and food.

One traditional Oshogatsu decoration is Kagami Mochi, or “mirror rice cake”. The two rice cakes stacked atop one another is said to represent the passing year and the coming year. On top of the rice cake is a Daidai, a variety of mandarin whose leaves never fall, even during winter. The word “daidai” also means generations, and so including the Daidai in the decoration represents a prayer to continue the family line.

During Oshogatsu, kids receive colorful envelopes filled with money from family members called Otoshidama. Originally, “toshidama” was an offering to the god of a shrine during New Years. Over time it became a gift for kids, which is often spent the day after New Years, during Japan’s biggest shopping day of the year.

While there are many traditional dishes eaten for Oshogatsu, each one with a special meaning, Ozoni is the quintessential one bowl meal that defines the New Years experience for most Japanese.

There are literally hundreds of types of Ozoni ranging from chicken broth seasoned with soy sauce, containing a square mochi as seen in eastern Japan, to a seafood broth seasoned with miso with a round mochi as seen in western Japan.

Some more unusual examples include the Ozoni from Kagawa prefecture, where the mochi has sweet red bean paste inside and in Okayama prefecture, the Ozoni contains yellowtail and clams.

In Tokyo, Ozoni is made with a clear chicken broth seasoned with soy sauce. I like the earthy rice cracker flavor that mochi takes on when toasted, so I always toast my mochi. If you want to get fancy, you can carve the carrots into the shape of a five petaled cherry blossoms and tie the spinach into a loop, but if you’re pressed for time, the shape won’t effect the flavor.

Whatever traditions your family celebrates, enjoy your holidays! Or as we say in Japan: “Yoi otoshi o omukae kudasai!”

Ozoni Recipe


  • 1 cup water + 4 cups water
  • 4 dried shiitake mushrooms
  • 1 pound boneless chicken thighs
  • 8 slices carrot, carved into the shape of a cherry blossom
  • 1/4 cup sake
  • 2 teaspoons salt
  • 1 tablespoon soy sauce
  • 1 small bunch spinach, lightly boiled and drained
  • 4 mochi
  • 1 yuzu


  • About an hour before you prepare your Ozoni, put 1 cup of water in a bowl along with the dried shiitake mushrooms.
  • Put the chicken in a colander. Boil a kettle of water and pour it over the chicken, letting the water go down the drain. This removes blood and impurities from the meat, giving you a clear soup.
  • Put the chicken in a pot along with the remaining 4 cups of water, the carrots, sake, and salt, and then simmer for 20 minutes, skimming to remove any scum that rises to the top. Remove the chicken and set it aside.
  • Add the soy sauce, along with the soaking liquid from the shiitake mushrooms to the soup and then adjust salt to taste. Slice up the shiitake mushrooms and add them to the soup.
  • Lay down a sheet of aluminum foil in a toaster oven then toast the mochi until it inflates and turns golden brown along the top. You can also just microwave it until it inflates.
  • To serve, place piece of grilled mochi at the bottom of the bowl, then add a few slices of chicken. Gather a few strands of spinach and tie them in loop and place in the bowl. Add the soup along with two slices of carrot and some shiitake mushrooms. Garnish with some yuzu zest and serve.


If you can't find yuzu, you can substitute Meyer orange peel

Marc Matsumoto writes for the Fresh Tastes blog on pbs.org.